Indirect discrimination

Sexual discrimination can arise in different contexts. The rule therefore places you at a disadvantage. Relative to men, across all source lists, women have a 2. MisogynyMisandryDiscrimination against intersex peopleTransphobiaand Discrimination towards non-binary gender persons Though gender discrimination and sexism refer to beliefs and attitudes in relation to the gender of Indirect discrimination person, such beliefs and attitudes are of a social nature and do not, normally, carry any legal consequences.

What's the difference? Direct and indirect discrimination

One such example is Wikipedia. Acas also runs practical training courses to reduce the likelihood of Discrimination in the workplace, and can help you to identify issues early and improve organisational compliance with the law.

Whereas religious civil liberties, such as the right to hold or not to hold a religious belief, are essential for Freedom of Religion in the United States secured by the First Amendmentreligious discrimination occurs when someone is denied "the equal protection of the laws, equality of status under the law, equal treatment in the administration of justice, and equality of opportunity and access to employment, education, housing, public services and facilities, and public accommodation because of their exercise of their right to religious freedom".

This could be indirect discrimination, as one group of people who share the protected characteristic of age are particularly disadvantaged compared to another group. It can still be indirect discrimination if something would normally disadvantage people sharing your characteristic.

Example A health club only accepts customers who are on the electoral register. View the following guidance video which explains discrimination and each of the protected characteristics further. While a glass ceiling implies that women are less like to reach the top of the job ladder, a sticky floor is defined as the pattern that women are, compared to men, less likely to start to climb the job ladder.

Being a pensioner falls under the protected characteristic of age. This is known as direct discrimination. They would need to be able to prove this in court, if necessary. Median weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers, by sex, race, and ethnicity, U.

While there are alleged non-physical differences between men and women, major reviews of the academic literature on gender difference find only a tiny minority of characteristics where there are consistent psychological differences between men and women, and these relate directly to experiences grounded in biological difference.

They outnumbered men in such occupations as public relations managers, financial managers, and human resource managers. The protected characteristics include: Examples of direct discrimination include dismissing someone because of a protected characteristic, deciding not to employ them, refusing them training, denying them a promotion, or giving them adverse terms and conditions all because of a protected characteristic.

Indirect Discrimination

Multiple jurisdictions now protect individuals on grounds of intersex status or sex characteristics. Local rulers and church officials closed many professions to religious Jews, pushing them into marginal roles considered socially inferior, such as tax and rent collecting and moneylendingoccupations only tolerated as a "necessary evil".

Who does the practice, policy or rule affect? The aim must be legitimate, and a real objective consideration such as the economic needs of running a business. This is a neutral rule which affects everyone in the shop.Discrimination consists of treatment of an individual or group, based on their actual or perceived membership in a certain group or social category, "in a way that is worse than the way people are usually treated".

Indirect discrimination is unlawful if the discrimination is based on certain attributes protected by law, such as a person’s race, sex, pregnancy, marital or relationship status, breastfeeding, age, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity or intersex status.

Indirect discrimination is a discrete type of discrimination that involves a policy, rule or procedure that is applied to everyone in a certain area but, ultimately, puts some individuals or groups at a disadvantage.

What Is Indirect Discrimination?

Indirect discrimination occurs when an organisation's practices, policies or procedures have the effect of disadvantaging people who share certain protected characteristics. Indirect discrimination may not be unlawful if an employer can show that there is an 'objective justification' for it.


Indirect discrimination is when there’s a practice, policy or rule which applies to everyone in the same way, but it has a worse effect on some people than others. The Equality Act says it puts you at a particular disadvantage. Indirect discrimination means that a person in a protected class is subject to inferred discrimination or somehow disadvantaged by employment policies in a way that the broader group of employees is not.

Indirect discrimination
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